Love in "Wuthering Heights"
the relationship between Hareton and Catherine: Hareton's illiteracy is the most However, for Catherine and Hareton to become close it is absolutely necessary She was pleased to see Cathy, but saddened by the way the young . When considering these questions, it is important to keep in mind the. In what form does Catherine's voice enter the story? (enters .. (Nelly, Hareton, and Cathy) What is now the relationship of the young couple?. Cathy and Hareton's relationship looking after young Catherine, she manages to sneak to Wuthering Heights where she meets Hareton and.
What changes have occurred to Heathcliff during his absence from Wuthering Heights? Are there explanations for these? What seems to have been his motives for returning to Wuthering Heights? What events and quarrels are precipitated by his return? What forms of disagreement do Catherine and Edgar have?
Do you find one or the other more reasonable? How does Catherine behave toward Heathcliff on their meeting? Is it significant that her expressions of attachment occur in the parlor of Thrushcross Grange? How does she characterize Heathcliff to Isabella? Are these her real views, and if so, what do they reveal about her view of their relationship? What precipitates a fight between Edgar and Heathcliff?
To what extent are her illnesses psychological or physical in origin? In particular, what precipitates her death? What symbolism is associated with an empty mirror? Has he behaved well toward her?
Is the timing of her departure significant? What reason does Nelly give, and is this plausible? Is there symbolism to the placement of her grave? In particular, what final violent scene does she relate? Heathcliff has nearly killed Hindley, thrown her and Joseph on the floor, and hurled a knife at her Did he have reason for anger at Hindley?
How has Heathcliff behaved toward the unconscious Hindley? What do you make of the fact that Heathcliff weeps after this scene? Hindley attacks Heathcliff Where does Isabella go upon departure?
Are his early years well-favored? Nelly; he is unfit to concern himself with practical affairs Would this have been a predictable choice? What threat does Heathcliff make when Nelly attempts to recover Hareton?
How does Nelly describe Hareton? Who threatens to fetch him? What does she tell him to induce him to accompany her cheerfully? Does he wish to remain with his biological father? When young Catherine visits Linton, what interests or attitudes do the two share?
What does Heathcliff explain to Nelly are his motives for raising Linton? What account does Heathcliff give her of his relations with her father, and how does she respond?
Linton and I have no share in your quarrel What are his views of Hareton and his son respectively? Nelly forces her to burn his letters Does this seem spiteful? How does Catherine respond to this? What ensues on their visit at Wuthering Heights? Has he made any effort to prepare her for a life of self-sufficiency? What will eventually happen to the money he has managed to save for her?
Relationship between Hereton and Cathy in Wuthering Heights?
Linton declines to visit, but a correspondence ensues. When Catherine and Linton are permitted to meet outdoors, what strange behavior does Linton exhibit, and how does Catherine interpret this? Clifford Collins calls their love a life-force relationship, a principle that is not conditioned by anything but itself.
It is a principle because the relationship is of an ideal nature; it does not exist in life, though as in many statements of an ideal this principle has implications of a profound living significance. Catherine's conventional feelings for Edgar Linton and his superficial appeal contrast with her profound love for Heathcliff, which is "an acceptance of identity below the level of consciousness.
This fact explains why Catherine and Heathcliff several times describe their love in impersonal terms. Are Catherine and Heathcliff rejecting the emptiness of the universe, social institutions, and their relationships with others by finding meaning in their relationship with each other, by a desperate assertion of identity based on the other?
Do you think Heathcliff loved Hareton, — Wuthering Q&A
Catherine explains to Nelly: What were the use of my creation if I were entirely contained here? My great miseries in this world have been Heathcliff's miseries, and I watched and felt each from the beginning; my great thought in living is himself.
If all else perished, and he remained, I should still continue to be; and, if all else remained, and he were annihilated, the Universe would turn to a mighty stranger.
I should not seem part of it" Ch. Dying, Catherine again confides to Nelly her feelings about the emptiness and torment of living in this world and her belief in a fulfilling alternative: I'm wearying to escape into that glorious world, and to be always there; not seeing it dimly through tears, and yearning for it through the walls of an aching heart; but really with it, and in it" Ch. Their love is an attempt to break the boundaries of self and to fuse with another to transcend the inherent separateness of the human condition; fusion with another will by uniting two incomplete individuals create a whole and achieve new sense of identity, a complete and unified identity.
This need for fusion motivates Heathcliff's determination to "absorb" Catherine's corpse into his and for them to "dissolve" into each other so thoroughly that Edgar will not be able to distinguish Catherine from him. Freud explained this urge as an inherent part of love: Love has become a religion in Wuthering Heights, providing a shield against the fear of death and the annihilation of personal identity or consciousness.
This use of love would explain the inexorable connection between love and death in the characters' speeches and actions. Wuthering Heights is filled with a religious urgency—unprecedented in British novels—to imagine a faith that might replace the old. Nobody else's heaven is good enough. When a dog bites Catherine, the Lintons take her indoors, but Heathcliff is sternly rejected.
When Catherine returns home, she criticizes Heathcliff for his appearance. He becomes anxious at her social contacts with the Lintons, and grooms himself more carefully. Unfotunately Edgar insults him on a visit, and Heathcliff responds by throwing a tureen at the latter; later he tells Nellie of his desire to revenge himself on Hindley for the degradation which has severed Catherine from him. The narrative is interrupted while Lockwood praises Nellie Dean's sagacity and she notes that she is well-read, thus confirming the reliability of her account for the novel's middle-class audience.
Frances Earnshaw dies in giving birth to Hareton, and Hindley degenerates into alcoholism and violence. Catherine insults Heathcliff for stupidity before a planned visit from Edgar.
During the ensuing visit she pinches Nellie when the later remains in the drawing room, then strikes Edgar when he defends Hareton for protesting.
To Nellie's dismay, Edgar nonetheless forgives her and begins courtship. Thus an ill-fated union begins inauspiciously with violence. Hindley nearly kills his son Hareton; Catherine agrees to marry Edgar, but concurrently declares to Nellie her eternal identity with Heathcliff--"I am Heathcliff"--an emotion on which she doesn't act.
Unaware of her "love" for him, Heathcliff flees, his depature signaled by the fall of a great tree. Catherine sickens at his absence, then marries Edgar. Unwillingly Nellie accompanies her mistress to Thrushcross Grange, leaving an uncared-for Hareton. After an unexplained absence, Heathcliff returns with a more cultivated manner, and settles at Wuthering Heights with the drunken Hindley.
Delighted by Heathcliff's return, Catherine quarrels with her husband. Isabella Linton is inexplicably attracted to Heathcliff, and Catherine humiliates her by informing him of her interest. Heathcliff sets Hareton against Hindley, and the latter loses his fortune through gambling at cards with Heathcliff. On a visit to Catherine, Heathcliff for the first time complains that he has been ill-used.
When Nellie tells Edgar that the two have also discussed the possbility of his union with Isabella, Linton confronts him and the two fight. Catherine resolves to punish both by becoming sick, foams at the mouth, and locks herself in her room. Heathcliff meanwhile courts Isabella to gain revenge on Edgar, and because she is a potential heir to the latter's fortune.
Nellie conceals from both men the severity of Catherine's condition, and from Catherine the depth of Edgar's concern for her. As Catherine weakens she becomes frightened and depressed, terrified of the empty mirror and the face of death which she sees therein. When they finally meet, both Edgar and Catherine blame Nellie for concealing her condition from him.
At this inopportune moment, Isabella elopes with Heathcliff, thus jeopardizing the estate as well as her happiness. Under Edgar's attentions Catherine mends somewhat; she is pregnant, and the birth of a male heir is now necessary to secure Edgar's lands from Heathcliff. Isabella sends a pathetic letter recounting her husband's brutality and refusal to share a room with his wife. Nellie visits Isabella, and learns from Heathcliff of his cruelty to her and his determination to visit Catherine.
Astoundingly Nellie consents to permit his entry, in part because "it might create a favorable crisis in Catherine's mental illness. Heathcliff visits Catherine, and after mutual complaints and recriminations the two embrace. As Edgar approaches, she collapses, and she dies soon afterwards. Nellie walks outside to give the lingering Heathcliff a pious account of Catherine's death.
In response he denies that she is in heaven, and prays that her spirit may haunt him a prayer which is of course partially and painfully answeredand he dashes himself against a tree. When Nellie opens a window so that he may visit Catherine's corpse before burial, Heathcliff substitutes his own hair for Edgar's in her burial locket.
Florence Boos: Study Questions, Comprehensive Examinations, Bibliographies and Other Materials
Inexplicably Edgar buries his wife neither with the Linton nor Earnshaw families, but on a slope in the corner of the chrchyard, where significantly, in accord with her character, the "wall is so low that heath and bilberry plants have climbed over it from the moor.
Isabella escapes Wuthering Heights for a brief visit to Nellie before fleeing her husband. She recounts a violent scene in which Heathcliff had nearly killed Hindley, thrown her and Joseph to the floor, and hurled a knife at her.
The scene had occurred when Hindley asked her to help him kill Heathcliff by remaining silent as he waited at the door to attack the latter; though she demurs and warns her husband, Hindley jumps outside, but is overpowered by Heathcliff, who beats him repeatedly even after he loses consciousness. After abusing both Jospeph and his wife, Heathcliff forces the latter to testify that he was assaulted still a legal case against him could be made, for battering an unconscious man.A Purposeful Relationship (Questions: REAL TALK) Part 2