Saskatchewan River | The Canadian Encyclopedia
The Saskatchewan River is formed by the confluence of the North and South Saskatchewan rivers, the headwaters of which are in the Rocky. The river continues north to eventually become the Saskatchewan River at the Overall, water quality in the South Saskatchewan River meets most of the. The Saskatchewan River is a major river in Canada, about kilometres ( mi) long, flowing roughly eastward across Saskatchewan and Manitoba to empty into Lake Winnipeg. Through its tributaries the North Saskatchewan and South Saskatchewan.
Water withdrawals in the South Saskatchewan River basin are the highest of any river basin in Canada, and since the basin has been closed to new water licenses in Alberta.
Climate change is projected to further decrease already strained water availability and increase the frequency of droughts as well as the frequency and magnitude of flooding. Declining water quantity may result in inadequate in-stream flow requirements to sustain aquatic species, including fish and benthic invertebrates.
History Indigenous people have inhabited the South Saskatchewan River basin for over 10, years, fishing from the river and hunting bisonwoodland cariboumoose and small mammals. The river basin was home to a large population of bison until European settlement — which included the introduction of rifles and, eventually, railways — brought the bison population to near extinction.
Bison jumps and pounds were common for large communal hunts performed between tribes. Kelsey paddled the upper South Saskatchewan, then travelled overland within the basin.
David Thompson was the first European explorer to travel the extent of the South Saskatchewan and up the Bow Rivera major headwater tributary.
European exploration and settlement also brought diseases that decimated First Nations populations, including smallpox outbreaks in, and Downstream prairie reaches are home to warm-water species such as northern pikewalleyesauger, goldeyeyellow perchquillback, shorthead redhorse and lake sturgeon.
South Saskatchewan River - Wikipedia
Mooseelkwoodland caribouwhite-tailed deercoyoteharefoxjackrabbit and beaver inhabit the basin, while birds in the region include western meadowlarkhouse wrenwestern kingbirdand endangered piping plover and burrowing owl.
Environmental Concerns The water quality of the North Saskatchewan is best in the headwater regions and decreases downstream due to the cumulative effects of human activity in the basin, particularly agriculture and urbanization.
Agricultural runoff transports pesticides and fertilizers to the river while municipalities, such as Edmontondischarge treated wastewater that may contain low concentrations of minerals, fecal coliform bacteria, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and endocrine-disrupting compounds.
Additionally, stormwater may pick up contaminants as it flows over urban surfaces. On 21 Julyaboutlitres of oil and other contaminants spilled from a broken Husky Energy pipeline, with about 90, litres reaching the North Saskatchewan River near Lloydminster, Saskatchewan.
The municipal drinking water supply to North Battleford as well as Melfort and Prince Albert was closed until September and North Battleford continued to obtain drinking water from the nearby community of Battleford through spring Climate change has impacted the North Saskatchewan River through decreased winter snowpack and earlier spring snowmelt, leading to reduced water flowing through the river, particularly during the summer. Climate change has also shifted vegetation zones and decreased habitat for migratory waterfowl.
In the midth century Metis settlements became important along stretches of the rivers notably at the Southbranch SettlementPrince Albert, Saskatchewan, and St. Riverboats were introduced from the Red River of the North in the 19th century and remained an important means of transportation until the s and the coming of railways to the area.
North and South Saskatchewan River Basins
Fur trade on the lower river: The main posts on the river were landmarks in parentheses: Grand Rapids, Manitoba, and first Fort Bourbon. There were also a number of temporary posts that have left few records.
By far the most important post was Cumberland House which was the depot for the route northwest to the rich Athabasca country.