Duke of Connaught and Strathearn - Wikipedia
The title of Duke of Connaught and Strathearn was granted by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to her third son, Prince Arthur, on 24 May . While there were some speculations that it was one of the options available for Prince Harry upon his wedding with Meghan Markle, press reports. New Jade Garden /27 a, Mahatma Gandhi Marg,Civil Lines, Allahabad Ujwal Family Restaurant Opp Ambedkar Bhavan,Millers Road, Ramms Milky Way 16,Prince Towers, 94, Puraswalkam High Road, . Duchess Restaurant 35,TTK Road, Teynampet Chennai Vikas Puri Connaught Place Janak Puri New Friends Colony Kamla Nagar .. Restauarnt Meet-N-Eat Bangalore Thane Thane m Krishna Restaurant Delhi Foodworld Foodworld Spencer's Duchess Prince Traders Surat B/13/ Mahatma Phule Road. Millers Road.
Various kinds dirty work was assigned to him. One day he had a clash with one of the Brahmin Kulkarni who used to be the officer in the village. Brahmin Kulkarni harassed the great grandfather of Jotiba and made his life worse and impossible to live peacefully in the village. So, one night he slew the Brahmin Kulkarni and fled for his life and settled in Puna district.
22 Things You Most Likely Didn’t Know About Jotiba Phule
Ok, I leave it to you to decide. Maybe Dr Ambedkar would have but Jotiba Phule prepared the ground for him to flourish. Jotiba Phule had taught his wife and started schools for the untouchables by the age of 22!
Inwhen he was 22 years old, he left the home with the wife because of the oath taken to educate the Shudras. By the age of 22, he was very well known not only throughout Pune but also in London! Court of Directors, London had acknowledged his work. Jotiba Phule opposed the practice of donating money to Brahmins in Dakshina by the British government. Inthe amount of Dakshina was around Rs. Jotiba Phule, 22 years old, stood against this practice and demanded that the money should be allocated for the education of untouchables.
Brahmins of the time were already angry that British government has lowered the amount and now 22 years of Shudra is challenging them.
Life sketch: Mahatma tomofumi.info
None till now had challenged Brahmins for their dominance. In the end, British government allocated a part of that Dakshina for the education! It can be said the first funding for the education of untouchables! InJotiba Phule joined a Scottish school as a part-time teacher. InMahatma Jotiba Phule suffered a stroke, which rendered the right side of the body to stop functioning.
At Bombay, inMahatma Jotiba Phule emphasised that the lower castes should organise their ritualistic and religious activities themselves so that the role of the Brahmin priest becomes redundant. Mahatma Jyotiba Phule asked economic assistance from Government for his educational institutions. First schools for the untouchables and girls were started by Phule couple.
At a time when even the shadow of untouchables was considered impure when the people were unwilling to offer water to thirsty untouchables, Savitribai Phule and Mahatma Jotiba Phule opened the well in their house for the use of untouchables. Widow Marriage Initiated Widow remarriages were banned and child-marriage was very common among the Brahmins and other upper castes in the then Hindu society.
Many widows were young and not all of them could live in a manner in which the orthodox people expected them to live. Some of the delinquent widows resorted to abortion or left their illegitimate children to their fate by leaving them on the streets.
Out of pity for the orphans, Jyotirao Phule established an orphanage, possibly the first such institution founded by a Hindu. Jyotirao gave protection to pregnant widows and assured them that the orphanage would take care of their children. It was in this orphanage run by Jyotirao that a Brahmin widow gave birth to a boy in and Jyotirao adopted him as his son.
For sometime, Jyotirao worked as a contractor for the government and supplied building material required for the construction of a huge barrage at Khadakvasala near Poona.
He had a direct experience of working with the officials of the Public Works Department which was notorious as well as a hotbed of corruption. Except the British officers holding very high positions in the Department, the clerks and other officers were invariably Brahmins and they exploited the illiterate workers.
Jyotirao felt it necessary to explain to the workers how they were duped by the Brahmin officials. In one of the ballads composed by him, he described vividly the fraudulent practices resorted to by the Brahmin officials in the Public Works Department printed at the end of 'Slavery'. Equal Rights to Untouchables in Society InJyotirao decided to give access to the untouchables to a small bathing tank near his house.
In his controversial book called Slavery published in June, Jyotirao included a manifesto which declared that he was willing to dine with all regardless of their caste, creed or country of origin. It is significant that several newspapers refused to give publicity to the manifesto because of its contents.
His book slavery was severely criticised for its 'venomous propaganda' against the Brahmins.
22 Things You Most Likely Didn't Know About Jotiba Phule
Jyotirao dedicated this book 'to the good people of the Unites States as a token of admiration for their sublime, disinterested and self-sacrificing devotion in the cause of Negro Slavery'.
The book is written in the form of a dialogue. After tracing the history of the Brahmin domination in India, Jyotirao examined the motives and objects of cruel and inhuman laws framed by the Brahmins.
Their main object in fabricating these falsehoods was to dupe the kinds of the ignorant and to rivet firmly on them the chains of perpetual bondage and slavery which their selfishness and cunning had forged. The severity of the laws as affecting the Sudras and the intense hatred with which they were regarded by the Brahmins can be explained on no other supposition but that there was, originally between the two, a deadly feud arising from the advent of the soil while the Brahmins argued that the Sudras were the sons of the soil while the Brahmins came from outside and usurped everything that was possessed by the Sudras.
He also claimed that what he had described in his book was 'not one hundredth part of the rogueries' that were generally practised on his 'poor, illiterate and ignorant Sudra brethren'.
- Dharmashastra : Einführung und Überblick
Satya Shodak Samaj Formed On 24th September,Jyotirao convened a meeting of his followers and admirers and it was decided to form the 'Satya Shodhak Samaj' Society of Seekers of Truth with Jyotirao as its first president and treasurer. Every member had to take a pledge of loyalty to the British Empire. The main objectives of the organisation were to liberate the Shudras and Ati Shudras and to prevent their exploitation by the Brahmins.
All the members of the Satya Shodhak Samaj were expected to treat all human beings as children of God and worship the Creator without the help of any mediator. The membership was open to all and the available evidence proves that some Jews were admitted as members. In there were members of the 'Satya Shodhak Samaj'. He apposed idolatry and denounced the Chaturvarnya. In his book Sarvajanik Dharma Pustak published inhis views on religious and social issues are given in the form of a dialogue.
According to him, both men and women were entitled to enjoy equal rights and it was a sin to discriminate between human beings on the basis of sex. He stressed the unity of man and envisaged a society based on liberty, equality and fraternity.
He was aware that religious bigotry and aggressive nationalism destroy the unity of man. He tried to help the people in the famine stricken areas of Maharashtra when a severe famine in forced people in the rural area to leave their villages. Some of them had to leave their children behind and an appeal issued on 17 May by Jyotirao indicates that the Victoria Orphanage was founded under the auspices of the Satya Shodhak Samaj to look after these unfortunate children.
From the beginning of the year Krishnarao Bhalekar, one of his colleagues, edited a weekly called Deenbandhu which was the organ of the Satya Shodhak Samaj. The weekly articulated the grievances of the peasants sand workers. Deenbandhu defended Jyotirao when Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, a powerful spokesman of the conservative nationalists, attacked Jyotirao's writing in the most vitriolic style. Narayan Meghaji Lokhande was another prominent colleague of Jyotirao.
From onwards, he took over the management of Deenbandhu which was published from Bombay. Along with Lokhande, Jyotirao also addressed the meetings of the textile workers in Bombay. It is significant that before Jyotirao and his colleagues Bhalekar and Lokhande tried to organise the peasants and the workers, no such attempt was made by any organisation to redress their grievances.
One of the charges levelled by Jyotirao against the leaders of the Brahmo Samaj and the Prarthana Samaj, the Sarvajanik Sabha and the Indian National Congress was that despite their programmes, in reality, they did very little to improve the lot of the masses. He felt that these organisations were dominated by the Brahmins and were not truly representative in character. Addressing their leaders he declared, 'We don't need to help of your organisations.
Don't worry about us. He warned that the persistent demand made by these organisations for Indianisation of the administrative services, if accepted, would lead to Brahminisation of the services in India. He thought that it was difficult to create a sense of nationality so long as the restrictions on dining and marrying outside the caste continued to be observed by people belonging to different castes.
Education of the masses would promote the process of nation making. It should be remembered that just Jyotirao did not mince words when he criticised the leaders of the reformist movement, he was equally fearless in criticising the decisions of the alien rulers which did not contribute to the welfare of the masses. When the Government wanted to grant more licences for liquor-shops, Jyotirao condemned this move, as he believed that addiction to liquor would ruin many poor families.
On 30th November,the President of the Poona Municipality requested the members to approve his proposal of spending one thousand rupees on the occasion of the visit of Lord Lytton, the Governor-General of India. The officials wanted to present him an address during his visit to Poona. Lytton had passed an Act, which resulted in gagging the press, and Deenbandhu, the organ of the Satya Shodhak Samaj, had protested against the restrictions on the right to freedom of the press. Jyotirao did not like the idea of spending the money of the taxpayers in honouring a guest like Lytton.
He boldly suggested that the amount could be very well spending on the education of the poor people in Poona. He was the only member out of all the thirty-two nominated members of the Poona Municipality who voted against the official resolution.
Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Another incident also revealed his attachment for the poor peasant and his courage in drawing the attention of a member of the British royal family to the sufferings of the farmers in rural area. Dressed like a peasant, Jyotirao attended the function and made a speech. He commented on the rich invitees who displayed their wealth by wearing diamond-studded jewellery and warned the visiting dignitaries that the people who had gathered there did not represent India.
If the Duke of Connaught was really interested in finding out the condition of the Indian subjects of Her Majesty the Queen of England, Jyotirao suggested that he ought to visit some nearby villages as well as the areas in the city occupied by the untouchables. He requested the Duke of Connaught who was a grandson of Queen Victoria to convey his message to her and made a strong plea to provide education to the poor people.
Jyotirao's speech created quite a stir.